The WaveIonics system uses Electrocoagulation Enhanced Filtration technology to remove Total Suspended Solids, Heavy Metals, Emulsified Oils, Bacteria, and other contaminants from water. As water passes through the electrocoagulation cell, multiple reactions take place simultaneously. First, on the surface of the anode, a metal ion is driven into the water. Second, on the surface of the cathode, water is hydrolyzed into hydrogen gas and hydroxyl groups. And third, electrons flow freely from the cathode to the anode which destabilizes surface charges on suspended solids and emulsified oils. As the reaction begins, metal ions complex with hydroxyl groups and form large flocs that include metals and other contaminants. Suspended solids and emulsified oils are readily entrained within the floc because of the destabilized surface charges. Finally, the hydrogen gas bubbles help to separate and lift the flocs. Depending on the application, the final solids separation step can be done using settling tanks, media filtration, ultrafiltration, and other methods.